We promote the
hemp supply chain in Italy and Europe
Quality starts in the field – planting the right seeds is the key to achieve optimal results.
Through Hemp Grain Specialist you can acquire high quality hemp seed from a diverse spectrum of European cultivars.
We provide stable and well tested hemp cultivars for Italian and other European markets. We work constantly on evaluating the performance of different hemp cultivars while updating our seeds offerings regarding new hemp genetic releases. Although we believe that hemp cultivars have to be rigorously tested under different environmental and climatic conditions and according to the products of interest.
Currently, hemp seeds high due to difficulties in finalizing offers and requests in the right way. The most critical aspect is related to the seed production for the following season as the viability of seeds can’t be maintained easily for a long period. Therefore, we offer special conditions to those farmers which want to order seeds in advance.
We are always looking for new partners which like to be involved in one of our (research) projects especially in regards to the field of multiplication or to introduce hemp grain on the European market. Please contact us for any kind of interest within the world of hemp.
We believe that a strong and diverse network of actors will support the development of hemp in one of the most sustainable crops within the next years.
Hemp cultivar available for the forecast 2021:
(Short introduction to the cultivar choice)
Hemp can have many uses but the main categories refer to the production of grain, stalk for fiber and shives and floral materials.
In addition to this classification based on product type, another common (and useful) classification is based on sex. The distinction is between dioecious varieties, i.e. varieties that have distinct male and female plants in the population, and monoecious varieties which are hermaphrodite (i.e. both sexes on the same plant).
It is remarkable that hemp life cycle is not determined in time, unless for rare cases. Flowering, and therefore the life cycle of hemp, depends mainly on the photoperiod.
Hemp is a short-day plant in fact it responds to the reduction of the hours of light, inducing flowering in late summer and early autumn. It’s important to remember that the number of hours between sunrise and sunset varies according to the time of year and latitude.
If you are growing hemp and you want to orientate yourself on the choice of variety and sowing time, these basic concepts must be clearly understood. For this reason, it is misleading to describe the varieties based on the days necessary for the completion of the life cycle.
Generally, we can distinguish the early flowering hemp from medium and late-flowering varieties.
Flowering can also be influenced by other environmental factors and each variety follows typical behaviours depending on the period of sowing and emergence, the latitude at which it is grown and the pedoclimatic conditions of the growing environment.
Environmental stress can cause early flowering.
Therefore the information reported here is not univocal and shouldn’t be taken as scientific. Rather, it should be used and interpreted as general guidelines only.
The acquisition of empirical knowledge about the behaviour of a variety in the desired cultivation area cannot be avoided. Usually 3 to 5 agricultural season are needed to acquire enough knowledge, and for this reason, it is advisable for those who approach this crop for the first time to start with tests on several varieties, including at least 3 different cultivars.
We offer many cultivars that we are currently testing in our test fields, however, we report here only about those for which we have good field
Early flowering varieties, suitable for grain production
Early and very early hemp varieties are designed for grain production. These types of hemp is characterized by a short cycle and a reduced growth habit, and it often has a good capacity to branch.
The reduced height makes mechanical harvesting easy with traditional machinery. Oil and protein content of the seeds represents an added value for these types of plants. In many countries the tolerance limits for THC in foods is very low. In Italy, this limit is set in the order of parts per million (ppm).
Hemp seeds do not physiologically accumulate THC in the embryo, however, during harvest, seeds are often contaminated by resins and consequently the derived products may show traces of cannabinoids.
The early and very early varieties generally allow growers to avoid exceeding the tolerance threshold of THC in food.
This is an early-flowering monoecious, Romanian breed
This is an early-flowering monoecious, Romanian breed that ripens shortly after Secuieni Jubileu
This is a very early flowering monoecious French breed, with a good branching tendency
This is a monoecious, Ukrainian breed that was later transferred to Germany and France where it is now being multiplied
Dioecious breed of Finnish origins, this is the only one among known varieties to be independent of photoperiod.
Medium-late flowering monoecious varieties for multi-purpose production
The medium-late flowering hemp varieties are designed to provide farmers with a double economic return. They are characterized by a good production of biomass (stem) that can be used to obtain fibers and shives, and additionally it yields a good seed production.
Grain yield is generally lower than the early varieties preferred for this purpose. A further consideration to be made when choosing these varieties is that later ripening can expose farmers to partial or total loss of seed harvest due to intense weather events.
Due to their greater vigour, it may be necessary to use mechanical harvesting systems specifically designed for hemp.
Some of these varieties can additionally provide a third product to produce floral biomass; this biomass is suitable for the extraction of cannabinoids and secondary metabolites that are of particular interest to the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry.
The three possible products described above, namely stem biomass, grain and floral biomass, are not perfectly complementary; yields and qualities depend on the stage of development of the plant.
It is therefore necessary to make a careful choice and decide what should be the elective product; Consequently the remnant products should be considered as by-products which anyhow retain a good economic value. It is therefore necessary to pay close attention to the harvesting phase, which will be adapted to the main chosen product.
This is a monoecious, Hungarian breed for production of fiber and oil
Medium flowering variety, Hungarian breed for biomass and grain production
Medium flowering variety, Hungarian breed for grain and biomass production
This is medium-flowering monoecious, French breed
This is medium-flowering monoecious, French breed
Late flowering varieties for fiber production
This type of hemp consists mostly of very vigorous and late-flowering varieties. Late dioecious hemp can reach a considerable height and they have a good fiber-biomass ratio.
Because of their vigour it is often necessary to have specific equipment for cutting the plants.
Nowadays they are also used with good results for the production of floral biomass from which cannabinoids and secondary metabolites of high interest for pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry can be obtained.
As a result of their vigour and late floweringthey generally accumulate more cannabinoids than other varieties. Due to the low grain yield and the fact that they cannot complete the cycle profitably at all latitudes, the cost of certified seed for sowing is higher than other cultivar.
Probably the oldest European dioecious.
ate flowering dioiceus, Hungarian breed suitable for fiber and shives production as weel as floral biomass
Monoiceus late flowering, French breed
Santhica 27 and 70
medium-late flowering monoiceus, French breed
Historic Italian Dioiceus variety. The most cultivated and known in the past for the quality of long fiber derived